The manual was created in the scope of a workshop organised to support Montenegrin authorities in the drafting and implementation of bylaws laying down the requirements of EU Regulation No. 338/97 on the Protection of Species of Wild Fauna and Flora by Regulating Trade Therein. The manual draws on the experience of Hungary and Croatia with the implementation of EU regulations and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
The manual helps users to distinguish the main steps in the process of implementing the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations (WTR) and to apply a similar approach in Montenegro. It explains the main differences between EU WTR and CITES provisions and introduces the process of implementing the EU WTR in Croatia, including problems and obstacles. Due to its relatively long process of accession to the EU, Croatia gained a great deal of experience in harmonisation with CITES and the EU WTR. Hungary has long been a party to CITES and has nine years of experience in implementing the EU requirements. The manual introduces the development of the related Hungarian legislation and provides strategic recommendations with respect to the transposition of the provisions. The manual clarifies which requirements should be transposed into national legislation and helps users to avoid mistakes and problems when undertaking enforcement in real situations and to identify appropriate solutions for particular cases.